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First semester
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Learning outcomes of the course unit

Knowledge and understanding capabilities:
At the end of the course, the student must have acquired a broad and critical point of view of methods and techniques for the knowledge of the historical and architectural heritage and its state of conservation, as well
as the knowledge of the tools for restoration and consolidation, in relation to the existing cultural debate. The knowledge acquired, also from the point of view of structural behaviour, must allow the student to correctly
deal with the analysis of the current state of an existing structure and the design of the interventions for the consolidation, making the most suitable choices also in relation to the structural pathologies and deficiencies found.

At the end of the course, the student must have developed the ability to identify and detect all the dimensional, material, structural and pathological aspects that characterize a historical building and to assume
them as the founding basis of the restoration and consolidation project.

Autonomy of judgment:
Upon passing the exam, the student will have developed the ability to critically assess the state of conservation of a historic building, identifying the consolidation techniques most appropriate to the case in exam, balancing conservation, safety and functionality. He/She will also have acquired the ability to understand and evaluate the quality of any restoration and consolidation project.

Communication skills:
During the course, students must refine their language skills, with specific reference to the technical terminology of the course, in order to communicate their project effectively and accurately.

Learning ability:
Materials and techniques for the consolidation of historical buildings are subjected to continuous and rapid innovation. Therefore, the student must acquire the ability, once the problem to be solved has been
identified, to select the most suitable intervention also evaluating options not necessarily exposed during the course.


The basic knowledge of restoration theory and construction characteristics of historical buildings are taken for granted in the course.
It is also useful to have attended the course of Structural Engineering (Tecnica delle Costruzioni), as we take for granted some basic topics such as the evaluation of actions on buildings and the design of structural elements.
Finally, it is necessary to have knowledge of CAD programs (Autocad type), spreadsheets (Excel type) and multimedia presentations (e.g. Powerpoint).

Course contents summary

The course is organized in two modules: one regards the general issues of architectural restoration, strengthening and seismic protection of historical structures (restoration and strengthening); the other module is focused on the issues of quantitative assessment of the structural safety of existing buildings (assessment of structural safety).
Both modules include a theoretical part and an applied one.
As far as the detailed issues faced by the two modules are regarded, you can refer to the specific programs.
The applied part foresees the conservation, restoration and strengthening design of a real historical building (not necessarily enlisted). In the first period, the students will make surveys (divided in groups) on their case studies, in order to acquire the knowledge level needed to define the interventions, later designed in detail, in order to simulate realistically an actual design process.

Course contents

See the program of each single module.

Recommended readings

Suggested books:
- Rodolfo Antonucci, "Restauro e recupero degli edifici a struttura in muratura. Analisi e interventi sul costruito storico", Maggioli Editore, 2012 (disponibile al prestito una copia nella versione 2009 presso la Biblioteca di Ingegneria e Architettura, collocazione ARC4 0316)
- “Linee guida per la valutazione e la riduzione del rischio sismico del patrimonio culturale” (scaricabile dal sito del Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali:

Research books:
- AA.VV., "Manuale del Restauro Architettonico", Mancosu editore, Roma 2001.
- - Lorenzo Jurina “Vivere il monumento – Conservazione e novità”, Spirali, Milano, 2006
- E. Coïsson “Riduzione del rischio sismico degli edifici storici in muratura”, Maggioli, 2019
- S. Mastrodicasa, "Dissesti statici delle strutture edilizie", Hoepli, Milano 1989
- A. Giuffrè, "Letture sulla meccanica delle murature storiche", Roma, 1988.
- E. Benvenuto, "La scienza delle costruzioni e il suo sviluppo storico", Sansoni, Firenze 1991.
- Giuriani Ezio, "Consolidamento Edifici Storici", Utet Tecnico, 2012, ISBN: 9788859807636
- G. Tampone, M. Mannucci, N. Macchioni, "Strutture di legno: Cultura, conservazione, restauro", Edizioni De Lettera, Milano 2002.

More didactic material (AVAILABLE ON THE COURSE’S WEB SITE): Course slides

Teaching methods

The course consists of a series of frontal lessons, also with the help of Powerpoint presentations, and reviews of the project. Compatibly with
the current health emergency, lectures will take place in the classroom, but if necessary they will be broadcasted in streaming on Teams
During the course, also some seminars with external lecturers will be held, to inspect more deeply specific issues.
For the project, students will be divided into groups of 2-4 people. Each group will develop the project of restoration and consolidation of a historic building, with particular reference to its structural aspects, and will be followed by the teacher through a series of revisions during the course. The reviews are carried out in the classroom in groups, by analyzing the material prepared by the students.

Assessment methods and criteria

During the year, common reviews are planned, in which the students present their case studies to their colleagues and teachers: these intermediate moments of audit, although they have no direct connection with the final mark, are still essential to demonstrate the successful attendance of the course and contribute to develop the required communication competences.

The acquisition verification of the integrated course of "Analysis and conservation of existing structures" will take place individually in oral form and will consist of:
1) discussion of the project (1/3), which must be given to the teachers before the exam date
2. oral examination on the entire program carried out during the year, relating to:
- theoretical part of consolidation (Restoration and Consolidation module): 1/3 of the total mark;
- Theoretical part of the structural safety assessment (Structural safety assessment module): 1/3 of the total mark.
The exam will be held in presence. If the sanitary emergency will limit the possibility of exams in presence, the project material will be uploaded on elly and the oral exam will take place on the Teams platform.